Greece is a European country situated on the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula, which shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north and Turkey to the northeast. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece is a largely homogeneous country; according to estimates more than 90% of its population of 10,815,197 identify themselves as Greek Orthodox. The Muslim minority is the only explicitly recognized minority in Greece by the government. According the authorities Muslim minority, which amounts to approximately 100,000 people, is composed of three distinct groups: those of Turkish ethnic origin, the Pomaks, and the Roma. Although not officially recognized as minorities there are other ethnic groups living in Greece. The most numerous are Albanians, Aromanians and Ethnic Macedonians. It  is worth noting that Greece is one of the European countries which hasn´t ratified the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, which is Council of Europe’s most comprehensive text for protecting the rights of persons belonging to national minorities. Nowadays the biggest problem in relation to ethnic minorities is the attitude of authorities which don´t officially recognize any of them. Impossibility to use expressions refering to ethnicity  for example in the names of cultural and social organizations is often the bone of contention among authorities and representatives of minorities. For the Roma, the areas of housing and education are still problematic. Due to decades of marginalization, they are still struggling with poor living conditions and illiteracy. Moreover, prejudices among the general population are still strong. On the other hand the Greek authorities has taken legal and practical measures to improve the conditions in the areas of education, employment, health and housing of Roma. They have also implemented a programme for combating racism and xenophobia in the labour market.


Report on the Status of Human Rights in Greece 2014

The Constitutional Law on National Minorities

Act on Life Partnership for People of the Same Sex

Electronic Media Act (includes articles on minorities)

Policy Recommendations: Conflicts of Extradition Law and Refugee Protection Law/ Mutual Recognition of Asylum and Non-refoulement Among EU Member States:

Studies Publication: Asylum in Greece – Integration Policies

Violence Against Lesbians, Gays and Bisexuals in Greece: Research Report

LGBT Manual on Anti-Discriminatory Provisions and Laws of Greece

National Strategy for People with Disabilities

The Law on Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment of Disabled Persons in Greece

Fostering Effective Inclusion of People with Disabilities in the Labor Market

Gender Analysis of Key Strategies, Policies and Documents That Affect the Daily Lives of Women with Disabilities:

National Roma Inclusion Strategy 2013.-2020:

Roma Everyday Life in Greece

Roma Early Childhood Inclusion Study for Greece

Development of Media Responsibilities to Strengthen Social Integration of Roma population (2014):